VIDEO NOTE: Incorporating Nutrition into Agriculture
Feed the Future’s emphasis on nutrition is an important step toward reducing malnutrition, but how does this mandate translate into meaningfully integrated agriculture and nutrition programs? The SPRING Project recently completed a landscape analysis of Feed the Future projects to determine the extent to which countries had adopted nutrition into their agricultural projects. To learn more about the landscape analysis, watch a short video with SPRING researcher Lidan Du.
SPRING found that Missions incorporate nutrition into agriculture through three different operational approaches. They are:
- Integrated and/or flagship activities: In this approach, an integrated activity spearheads a Mission's Feed the Future work and provides both agriculture and nutrition services through a singular delivery platform.
- Co-locating activities: This approach involves placing multiple activities—each usually focusing on a single intervention type (e.g., health and nutrition, agriculture or economic growth)—in one geographic area.
- Retrofitting ongoing activities: Activities that were designed and implemented before Feed the Future's inception are retrofitted to include nutrition.
As a part of the landscape analysis, SPRNG also created a snapshot of the seven agriculture-to-nutrition pathways and the degree to which they are addressed in project design (see chart below). Of the seven pathways, the “Production to Consumption” pathway and the “Income Generation to Food Purchase” pathways were represented in nearly all Feed the Future countries, and "Women’s Income" was not far behind. However, not as many countries addressed women’s time or workload—two other important factors that help reduce malnutrition and stunting.
Although the landscape analysis offers only a snapshot of Feed the Future progress, it is an important reminder that there is still plenty of work to be done to fully incorporate nutrition into agricultural activities. Since publishing the landscape analysis, SPRING has continued its research and has produced field notes that specifically address the local factors affecting the integration of agriculture and nutrition in Senegal, Nepal, Bangladesh, Honduras and Guatemala. For more information on these field notes, briefs on each of the seven ag-to-nutrition pathways and the landcape analysis itself, visit the SPRING project website.