World Food Prize 2012 | USAID IPM CRSP | On the CRSP's objectives and role in the Feed the Future initiative
At the 2012 World Food Prize in Des Moines, Iowa Amer Fayad of the USAID IPM CRSP discussed his organization's objectives and how he and his team have been working with farmers from all over the world to achieve high yields and resolve food security issues.
WHAT IS IPM?
Integrated Pest Management, or IPM, is a systems approach to reducing damage caused by pests to an acceptable level without harming the environment. IPM includes the adoption of pest-resistant varieties of crops; biological and physical control methods; environmental modification; biopesticides; and when absolutely necessary, non-residual, environmentally-friendly and low mammalian-toxic chemical pesticides. IPM is needed in all areas of the developing world. Pests—insects, diseases, weeds, vertebrates—respect no borders and spread through plant and animal migration, wind and water. Human activity, including trade in plant and animal products, also contributes to this expansion. By addressing IPM, researchers have found that they touch a whole spectrum of development issues. IPM is, in fact, such a powerful tool that it allows for:
- reducing pesticide use
- reducing crop losses
- reducing damage to natural ecosystems
- reducing the loss of biodiversity
- increasing farmer income
- increasing the involvement of women in decision-making
- making export crops more attractive
- improving research & education capabilities
IPM GOALS & OBJECTIVES
The overall purpose of the IPM CRSP is to develop and implement a replicable approach to IPM that will help reduce the following:
- agricultural losses due to pests
- damage to natural ecosystems including loss of biodiversity
- pollution and contamination of food and water supplies
By combining strong regional IPM programs with work on critical global cross-cutting themes, the goals of the IPM CRSP are to:
- measurably reduce crop and animal losses due to pests
- increase farmer income
- reduce pesticide use
- reduce residues on export crops
- improve IPM research and education program capabilities
- improve ability to monitor pests
- increase the ability of women in IPM decision-making and program design
By reaching these goals, the IPM CRSP program directly contributes to the strategic objectives of USAID and its partners to advance land resource management practices that provide long-term social, economic, and environmental benefits.
IPM CRSP program objectives relate to research, communication and education for behavioral change, institutional capacity building, policy and institutional reform, and the development of sustainable, resource-based local enterprises. Specifically, the IPM CRSP pursues the following objectives:
- advancing IPM science and developing IPM technologies, information and systems for sound land resource management
- improving IPM communication and education, and the ability of beneficial practitioners to manage knowledge, resulting in the widespread adaptation, adoption, and impact of ecologically-based IPM technologies, practices, and systems
- providing information and capacity building to reform and strengthen policies and local and national institutions that influence pest management
- developing and integrating sustainable resource-based, local enterprises into national regional and global markets
To learn more please watch the interview below.