Feed the Future
This project is part of the U.S. Government's global hunger and food security initiative.

Enabling Environment for Agricultural Market Systems

This collection highlights contributions shared as part of the Enabling Environment for Agricultural Markets (#EE4AgMarkets) Month hosted in July 2018 by USAID’s Office of Market and Partnership Innovations. Technical posts cover a range of key enabling environment for agricultural markets topics, including the private sector, trade, standards, analytical tools, plant protection, market systems, finance, climate-smart agriculture, information and communications technology, de-risking, resilience, and benchmarking and metrics. Curated by the Feed the Future Enabling Environment for Food Security project, this collection includes the over 30 posts contributed over the theme month as well as a number of other relevant contributions to the topic.

This month, the Office for Market and Partnership Innovations would like to highlight different interventions that are creating opportunities for inclusive and sustainable market system development.
The Enabling the Business of Agriculture (EBA) Online Learning Module Series is now available as a self-paced training program. The training includes an overview as well as more targeted modules that explore aspects of trade and finance. Participants will learn about the World Bank’s Enabling the...
This graphic illustrates the breadth of topics covered during Agrilinks' July Enabling Environment for Market Systems theme as well as maps key contributors, outreach methods, and audience analytics.
In 2016, International Trade Centre (ITC), International Institute of Tropical Agriculture and the Government of Ghana began working with Ghanaian private sector stakeholders on yam production, processing and commercialization. Thanks to the development of a Strategic Development Roadmap,...
The population in Africa is expected to almost double by 2050 and then double again by the turn of the century. At the same time, rapid urban migration and an expanding middle class will add further pressure on the food system. Increasing the productivity of smallholder farmers is critical to...
The role the enabling environment plays in private sector growth in the smallholder market is frequently discussed, but one voice is often missing: that of the investment community itself. This month, we will be sitting down with private sector businesses to share their stories.
Evidence shows that water and irrigation scarcity is a key concern for global food security. Water-related conflicts are on the rise. Water productivity — the ratio of agricultural output per unit of water input — is as a key leverage point for increasing food security.
Throughout July, Agrilinks showcased learning across the enabling environment sphere, highlighting why the enabling environment matters and how USAID, implementing partners, and the private sector have worked to facilitate systemic change across markets.
In 2013, Rwanda’s dairy sector comprised approximately 15 percent of its agricultural gross domestic product (GDP) and six percent of overall national GDP. At that time, the government of Rwanda introduced a program to provide 350,000 poor families with one dairy cow each, adding to the 110,000...
The enabling environment for agriculture — the formal and informal rules in markets — has a direct bearing on the strength of the private sector. This post explores what elements of the enabling environment are key to supporting private agriculture sector growth.
This post was written by Chris Warren. When Kumar Thapa was a young boy growing up in the green, rolling hills of midwestern Nepal, he knew exactly how he wanted to occupy his days. “I wanted to study,” says Thapa, now 24, as he sits amid rows of ripening tomato and chili plants that cover the...
The American Seed Trade Association (ASTA) and China National Seed Association (CNSA) signed a memorandum of understanding in 2012 and renewed their partnership in 2015. Through this partnership the two associations have cohosted over a dozen activities aimed at enabling the Chinese business...
This post explores what factors contribute to incidences of gender-based violence in agribusiness and what policy steps can be taken to address them.
The Council on Smallholder Agriculture Finance (CSAF) is a pre-competitive alliance of 12 financial institutions that seek to expand the market and develop industry standards for lending to small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in the agriculture sector. In 2014, one of the CSAF members made a US$200...
The E3 Analytics and Evaluation Project, led by Management Systems International (MSI), developed the Agricultural Scalability Assessment Toolkit (ASAT) to assess the scalability of agricultural innovations and provide a qualitative appraisal.
This post unpacks a key publicly available index and associated resources to measure changes in the enabling environment and produce comparative data to drive reform efforts — the World Bank’s Enabling the Business of Agriculture Index.
Rwandan women perform the majority of the country’s agricultural labor, and represent 70 percent of those who make their living from agriculture. Yet, the productivity of their work, and their integration within market systems, lags behind that of men. As we begin to ask “why,” the more limited...
Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) promises to increase resilience to climate change, enhance productivity and profitability and reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. To achieve large-scale transition from traditional agricultural practices to CSA, a mentality shift by businesses and individuals, as...
The following text draws heavily from the Guide to the Agricultural Scalability Assessment Toolkit (pdf below), developed by the E3 Analytics and Evaluation Project led by Management Systems International (MSI). USAID’s Bureau for Food Security (BFS) and country missions have been implementing the...
Indicators can be an effective tool to prompt and inform policy change. Enabling the Business of Agriculture provides indicators and findings that are proving to be highly relevant for policy dialogue and regulatory reform that promote private sector driven agriculture.
The Enabling the Business of Agriculture (EBA) Online Learning Module Series is now available as a self-paced training program. The training includes an overview as well as more targeted modules that explore aspects of trade and finance. Participants will learn about the World Bank’s Enabling the...
This graphic illustrates the breadth of topics covered during Agrilinks' July Enabling Environment for Market Systems theme as well as maps key contributors, outreach methods, and audience analytics.
In 2016, International Trade Centre (ITC), International Institute of Tropical Agriculture and the Government of Ghana began working with Ghanaian private sector stakeholders on yam production, processing and commercialization. Thanks to the development of a Strategic Development Roadmap,...
The population in Africa is expected to almost double by 2050 and then double again by the turn of the century. At the same time, rapid urban migration and an expanding middle class will add further pressure on the food system. Increasing the productivity of smallholder farmers is critical to...
The role the enabling environment plays in private sector growth in the smallholder market is frequently discussed, but one voice is often missing: that of the investment community itself. This month, we will be sitting down with private sector businesses to share their stories.
Evidence shows that water and irrigation scarcity is a key concern for global food security. Water-related conflicts are on the rise. Water productivity — the ratio of agricultural output per unit of water input — is as a key leverage point for increasing food security.
Throughout July, Agrilinks showcased learning across the enabling environment sphere, highlighting why the enabling environment matters and how USAID, implementing partners, and the private sector have worked to facilitate systemic change across markets.
In 2013, Rwanda’s dairy sector comprised approximately 15 percent of its agricultural gross domestic product (GDP) and six percent of overall national GDP. At that time, the government of Rwanda introduced a program to provide 350,000 poor families with one dairy cow each, adding to the 110,000...
The enabling environment for agriculture — the formal and informal rules in markets — has a direct bearing on the strength of the private sector. This post explores what elements of the enabling environment are key to supporting private agriculture sector growth.
This post was written by Chris Warren. When Kumar Thapa was a young boy growing up in the green, rolling hills of midwestern Nepal, he knew exactly how he wanted to occupy his days. “I wanted to study,” says Thapa, now 24, as he sits amid rows of ripening tomato and chili plants that cover the...
The American Seed Trade Association (ASTA) and China National Seed Association (CNSA) signed a memorandum of understanding in 2012 and renewed their partnership in 2015. Through this partnership the two associations have cohosted over a dozen activities aimed at enabling the Chinese business...
This post explores what factors contribute to incidences of gender-based violence in agribusiness and what policy steps can be taken to address them.
The Council on Smallholder Agriculture Finance (CSAF) is a pre-competitive alliance of 12 financial institutions that seek to expand the market and develop industry standards for lending to small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in the agriculture sector. In 2014, one of the CSAF members made a US$200...
The E3 Analytics and Evaluation Project, led by Management Systems International (MSI), developed the Agricultural Scalability Assessment Toolkit (ASAT) to assess the scalability of agricultural innovations and provide a qualitative appraisal.
This post unpacks a key publicly available index and associated resources to measure changes in the enabling environment and produce comparative data to drive reform efforts — the World Bank’s Enabling the Business of Agriculture Index.
Rwandan women perform the majority of the country’s agricultural labor, and represent 70 percent of those who make their living from agriculture. Yet, the productivity of their work, and their integration within market systems, lags behind that of men. As we begin to ask “why,” the more limited...
Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) promises to increase resilience to climate change, enhance productivity and profitability and reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. To achieve large-scale transition from traditional agricultural practices to CSA, a mentality shift by businesses and individuals, as...
The following text draws heavily from the Guide to the Agricultural Scalability Assessment Toolkit (pdf below), developed by the E3 Analytics and Evaluation Project led by Management Systems International (MSI). USAID’s Bureau for Food Security (BFS) and country missions have been implementing the...
Indicators can be an effective tool to prompt and inform policy change. Enabling the Business of Agriculture provides indicators and findings that are proving to be highly relevant for policy dialogue and regulatory reform that promote private sector driven agriculture.
This post explores the plant protection data available through the World Bank's Enabling the Business of Agriculture Index and its relevance for the current Fall Armyworm outbreak in Africa as well as strengthening plant protection systems in the future.
There are several ways to think about the enabling environment through a market systems framework. A previous blog post talking about market systems metrics nicely summarizes the thinking thus far on monitoring for market systems with an emphasis on the enabling environment. Standard monitoring and...
When it comes to maximizing its economic growth potential through agriculture, Rwanda faces several challenges. While agriculture is a mainstay of the economy, providing 36 percent of GDP and 70 percent of employment, there is limited arable land to be found. With the second-highest population...
The consistent application of quality standards is a core component of any structured grain trading system. Variable standards and the inconsistent application of standards increase transaction costs for cross-border trade and extend the time needed for clearing borders.
This post describes the five-step model of policy reform and serves as a roadmap to build legal, regulatory and institutional capacity to strengthen enabling environments.
This post was written by Karla Yoder, Economic Development Specialist at Global Communities. As market systems development practitioners, we take a holistic approach to project implementation. Our value chain projects address market constraints at many levels including within the enabling...
The enabling environment for agricultural market systems month on Agrilinks wouldn’t be complete without drawing our community’s attention to the resources of our partner site Marketlinks as well as those available on the BEAM Exchange. Let's dive in!
While there is progress in understanding systemic change in market development, a lack of agreement and experience with how to measure it remains. This post explores applicable measurement approaches and tools implementers are testing to inform measuring market systems change. Read on!
This post unpacks an example of how collaboration between government, private sector and development partners stimulated a nascent market system for improved maize storage bags in Kenya.
USAID's topic-specific enabling environment analytical tools perform benchmarking duties to capture and map agricultural sector performance. Learn more about the tools and how they equip stakeholders to look past mere symptoms and diagnose challenges ripe for reform.
This post was written by Renee Crossley, Cardno Global Lead – Market Driven Approaches to Development Enhancing the business enabling environment (BEE) is complex and, I would argue, requires a systems approach. A decade ago, many of us in this sector considered BEE work a "tack on" to market...
Developing regional seed variety catalogues can significantly reduce both the time and expense of releasing varieties in multiple countries, increasing regional seed market potential and attractiveness to investors and therefore seed supply for farmers.
In Ghana’s agriculture sector, barriers to accessing finance limit agricultural sector growth. Developing mobile payment services in the livestock sector is a key area for stakeholders to target in order to expand access to credit.
Newly hatched chicks using the Surehatch incubator. Fintrac. Surehatch , a South African company, is improving the productivity of the sub-Saharan poultry sector by selling small-scale egg incubators that provide ideal conditions for an egg to develop and hatch. Using these incubators, poultry...
I hope you enjoyed reading about Feed the Future’s food policy processes during policy month in June. In addition to the many recent posts, check out a few more relevant events and posts from Agrilinks below: Crossing the Border: Creating a Business-Friendly Environment for Inclusive Economic...
This month, the Office for Market and Partnership Innovations would like to highlight different interventions that are creating opportunities for inclusive and sustainable market system development.
To provide the data and analysis necessary for USAID Missions and partners to develop effective country strategies, the Feed the Future Enabling Environment for Food Security project has produced policy data snapshots of 20 Feed the Future countries, both current and former.
Including both formal and informal rules, the enabling environment is critical to understanding policy issues. In this post, the EEFS project rounds up recent blogs that highlight this important relationship vis-a-vis a central enabling environment theme: trade. Read on!
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