The capture fisheries and aquaculture sectors both offer opportunities to increase food and nutrition security, alleviate poverty, and generate economic growth. However, while capture fisheries production has remained stagnant over the past two decades, aquaculture has grown at an average annual rate of 9%, making it the fastest-growing food production sector.
FAO projects that in order to meet growing demand, global fish production will need to reach about 172 million tons by 2021. As capture fisheries globally are on the verge of collapse due to overfishing, global climate change, ocean acidification, and marine pollution, much of the increase will need to come from aquaculture.
At this seminar, presenters from USAID, World Bank, and FAO discussed the important role of aquaculture in addressing food security and poverty reduction in developing countries, and provided projections of how much aquaculture must grow in order to meet future demand. The presenters provided an overview of the aquaculture sector with particular emphasis on the diversity of aquatic animal and plant species that are cultured and the diversity of the systems in which they are produced. They also addressed some of the most common issues that affect the sustainability of aquaculture development.
United States Agency for International Development
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)