Agro-Ecology and Climate Resilient Farming Systems in Africa
The science of agro-ecology provides a useful framework for understanding the complexity of ecosystems and how they can more efficiently support agriculture. Using agro-ecological principles and processes is a more sustainable approach to improving crop productivity. Agro-ecology uses natural systems such as nutrient cycling and natural predation to support growth and control pests. Agro-ecosystems work with and incorporate the surrounding environment and ecosystems rather than work against them.
This factsheet was developed as part of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) Climate-Smart Agriculture Workshop. The workshop focused on approaches for effective program design of climate-smart agriculture in support of both country and regional CAADP investment plans. Climate-smart agriculture incorporates practices that increase productivity, efficiency, resilience, adaptive capacity, and mitigation potential of production systems.