Feed the Future
This project is part of the U.S. Government's global hunger and food security initiative.

Burundi Landscape Study

Nargiza Ludgate and S. Joyous Tata
UC Davis
Date Published: 
September 1, 2015

The Republic of Burundi (Burundi), slightly smaller than Maryland, is a Central African country located east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), north of Rwanda, and west of Tanzania (see country map in Annex 2). Bujumbura is the capital of Burundi. The country is comprised of 17 provinces<!--[if !supportFootnotes]-->[1]<!--[endif]--> of which five, Gitega, Karusi, Kayanza, and/or Kirundo, Muyinga and Ngozi, are highly food insecure<!--[if !supportFootnotes]-->[2]<!--[endif]--> and being targeted by the USAID Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) Title II Development Food Assistance Program (Collins, Magnani and Ngomirakiza, 2013). Burundi is one of the most densely populated African countries representing three major ethnic sub-groups of Hutu (85%<!--[if !supportFootnotes]-->[3]<!--[endif]-->), Tutsi (14%), and Twa (1%). The majority of the population is catholic (62%), and a smaller portion is protestant (24%) (CIA World Factbook, 2014).

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<!--[if !supportFootnotes]-->[1]<!--[endif]--> These are Bubanza, Bujumbura Mairie, Bujumbura Rural, Bururi, Cankuzo, Cibitoke, Gitega, Karuzi, Kayanza, Kirundo, Makamba, Muramvya, Muyinga, Mwaro, Ngozi, Rutana, and Ruyigi

<!--[if !supportFootnotes]-->[2]<!--[endif]--> Many households in these provinces are extremely poor and unable to access food.

<!--[if !supportFootnotes]-->[3]<!--[endif]--> All percentages are rounded in this report.