Commercial Climate-Smart Agriculture
Production of high valued and niche crops for domestic and export markets can be important sources of income for farmers operating as outgrowers, contract farmers, or as individuals. Commercial agriculture, especially as conducted by smallholders, will require access to a predictable water supply to ensure success, particularly as climate change scenarios predict increased variability in rainfall in many areas of sub-Saharan Africa. Irrigation, either through supplemental or full-scale systems, will be an important component of this success. Smallholders engaged in rainfed agriculture may be able to access irrigation infrastructure through private investment associated with commercial outgrower opportunities. Currently only 6% of cultivated land in sub-Saharan Africa is irrigated (Ngigi 2009, 189).
This factsheet was developed as part of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) Climate-Smart Agriculture Workshop. The workshop focused on approaches for effective program design of climate-smart agriculture in support of both country and regional CAADP investment plans. Climate-smart agriculture incorporates practices that increase productivity, efficiency, resilience, adaptive capacity, and mitigation potential of production systems.