FANTA III Second Food Aid and Food Security Assessment (FAFSA-2)
From the 1990s through the Second Food Aid and Food Security Assessment (FAFSA-2) time period, the Title II development program was unique among U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) programs in its mandate to address the breadth of determinants of household food insecurity and undernutrition. Title II development programs implemented during the FAFSA-2 time period delivered a wide range of interventions to respond to unique problems and opportunities to improve the lives of people in targeted areas. These programs worked in agriculture and natural resources management; maternal and child health and nutrition (MCHN); vulnerable group feeding; HIV; education; water, sanitation, and hygiene; non-agricultural income generation; infrastructure; and emergency preparedness and disaster management. The programs were technically complex and challenging to design and implement successfully, and operated in difficult environments in some of the poorest and most food insecure countries in the world.
The results of the FAFSA-2 analysis indicate that Title II development programs can indeed reduce undernutrition in young children, improve a number of important MCHN outcomes, and increase household access to income and food. The assessment identified various technical sector models, approaches, and practices that are more likely to contribute to positive food security impacts. Because it is just as important to learn from failures as it is to emulate successes, the FAFSA-2 also includes examples of approaches and practices that have not worked well. Learning from the experiences of Title II development programs, made available through the FAFSA-2 analysis and findings, and doing more of what works in future programs presents a tremendous opportunity for USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) and its Awardees to improve overall program performance.