Farm-Scale Management Practices to Improve Productivity and Resilience
A number of factors threaten agricultural productivity for African farmers. Many of Africa’s soils are highly weathered and low in nutrients and soil carbon. As a result, they have limited capacity to retain the nutrients and soil moisture necessary for high yields. Climate variability and change pose additional challenges for producers. Some farmers are experiencing more frequent and intense storms that cause erosion, rainwater run-off, and crop damage, while others experience more frequent droughts. At the same time rainfall patterns are becoming more variable with delayed onset and length of the rainy season, and in some cases, drought. These unpredictable patterns make it difficult for farmers to plan and manage their crops. Fortunately, there are a range of management practices and technologies that can be applied on-farm to increase agricultural resilience to climate stress.
This factsheet was developed as part of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) Climate-Smart Agriculture Workshop. The workshop focused on approaches for effective program design of climate-smart agriculture in support of both country and regional CAADP investment plans. Climate-smart agriculture incorporates practices that increase productivity, efficiency, resilience, adaptive capacity, and mitigation potential of production systems.