Feed the Future
This project is part of the U.S. Government's global hunger and food security initiative.

Feed the Future Learning Agenda Literature Review: Improved Nutrition and Diet Quality

Institution(s): 
Date Published: 
August 1, 2013

The objective of this paper is to summarize available evidence on key questions for the Feed the Future Learning Agenda theme on nutrition and diet quality, and document expert opinion on gaps in the scientific literature for this theme that are in most urgent need of attention.

The review integrates evidence from clinical, community, and national studies that link agriculture interventions with nutritional status, dietary diversity, and health. Studies included in this review provide data on what is known and, by omission, the gaps in knowledge about what works and why some programs do not work. These studies include survey data and data from various experimental models, evaluation data from national and sub-national interventions, and outcomes from a variety of systematic reviews of interventions. The focus of the review is on what is happening in low and middle income countries (LMICs).

The primary goal for this review is to provide decision makers with information on how to move forward with future policies and interventions. It will identify gaps that need to be filled by basic, applied, and operational research and will help in prioritizing new information that is needed from monitoring and evaluation (M&E) activities.


This is part of a six-part series of literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, and blog posts on the six themes of the Feed the Future Learning Agenda. These literature reviews, completed by external experts, summarize available evidence and gaps for future evaluations to fill on key evaluation questions identified under each of the six Learning Agenda themes. As a part of Feed the Future’s commitment to build the evidence base for what works in food security programs, findings from the literature reviews will inform the design and implementation of dozens of Feed the Future impact and performance evaluations, ensuring the evaluations are well-conceived, build on existing evidence, and fill critical evidence gaps. This annotated bibliography focuses on Theme IV: "Improved Nutrition and Dietary Quality."