This report presents the findings of a study to analyze seed value chains by specific market, crop, and economic dimensions. Applying this methodology leads to identifying the actors and actions along the seed value chain that are required to produce adequate early generation seed (EGS) on a sustainable basis. Existing seed systems through which farmers access seed in Ghana are first described, and then both supply and demand constraints for EGS examined. Seven crops were studied - groundnut, soybean, maize, rice, cowpea, sorghum, and yam - and recommendations made to imporve the enabling environment, on information managment, public-private partnership, seed importation, institutional transformation, breeding, foundation seed production, certified seed production, and marketing and distribution.
The Ghana study the same methodology that was applied in a total of 11 countries in sub-Saharan Africa.