Implications of Land and Resource Tenure on Investments in Climate-Smart Agriculture
Land tenure challenges are age-old and climate change simply exacerbates the situation. The uncertainty of future climate variability and change requires greater flexibility in all land-based production systems. Given the central role of user rights in those systems, land and resource tenure will likewise require greater flexibility, thus raising a critical policy matter for many countries to maintain flexibility in customary and statutory tenure systems. Tenure security will be a critical factor in providing the incentives for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to climate change. Because climate-induced migrations could lead to social tensions, climate change will challenge institutions responsible for the governance of natural resources to establish inclusive processes to negotiate claims, regulate disputes, and establish new tenure systems.
This factsheet was developed as part of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) Climate-Smart Agriculture Workshop. The workshop focused on approaches for effective program design of climate-smart agriculture in support of both country and regional CAADP investment plans. Climate-smart agriculture incorporates practices that increase productivity, efficiency, resilience, adaptive capacity, and mitigation potential of production systems.