Pastoral and Agro-Pastoral Systems
Pastoralism is considered the most economically, culturally, and socially appropriate strategy for maintaining the well-being of communities in dryland landscapes, because it can simultaneously provide secure livelihoods, conserve ecosystem services, promote wildlife conservation and honor cultural values and traditions. At the same time, future agronomic potential and economic viability of these systems will be directly dependent on the sustainable management of the natural resource base that is their foundation. To cope with fluctuating forage and water availability resulting from climatic variability, pastoralists and agro-pastoralists have developed a variety of survival strategies largely based on indigenous social safety nets.
This factsheet was developed as part of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) Climate-Smart Agriculture Workshop. The workshop focused on approaches for effective program design of climate-smart agriculture in support of both country and regional CAADP investment plans. Climate-smart agriculture incorporates practices that increase productivity, efficiency, resilience, adaptive capacity, and mitigation potential of production systems.