Feed the Future
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Program of Support to Agricultural Services and Farmers’ Organizations

Date Published: 
February 20, 2014

The Program of Support to Agricultural Services and Farmers’ Organizations (PASOAP) is one of the nine programs included in the Master Plan of the Rural Development of Mali. It began in 2005.

PASAOP is built upon the National Agricultural Extension Program (PNVA), which was implemented in Mali from 2000 to 2004. This program was preceded by the two-year Agricultural Extension Test Program (PTVA) (1988-2000). These programs were all inspired by the Bénor Method (Formation et Visites / Training and Visits). The aims of PASAOP are a qualitative development of decentralized rural development services; the search for better performance of these agricultural services; the increased empowerment of rural development actors; the financial participation of beneficiaries – making them responsible for some of the costs of agricultural extension services; and an experimentation on agricultural extension service management transfer to beneficiaries and private service providers.

At the end of the National Agricultural Extension Program, the National Agricultural Research and Extension System in Mali was characterized, among others, by:

<!--[if !supportLists]-->·      <!--[endif]-->The existence of a national joint program taking care of the issues related to research and extension funded by the World Bank (IDA) with a share from the government of Mali to reinforce their reciprocal connections and exchanges.

<!--[if !supportLists]-->·      <!--[endif]-->A culture of inter-institutional dialogue and planning, achieved by the effectiveness of instances in annual planning and assessment of the research and dissemination coordination and supervision of activities implemented on local, regional, and national levels.

<!--[if !supportLists]-->·      <!--[endif]-->The sound integration of agricultural, stock breeding, environmental and literacy issues.

<!--[if !supportLists]-->·      <!--[endif]-->The provision of agricultural research and extension services with equipment and logistics (vehicles and motor bikes) to ensure the mobility of the various teams.

<!--[if !supportLists]-->·      <!--[endif]-->The regular organization of hands-on training sessions for producers as well as qualifying training for researchers and extension agents, such as the degree training program of Sasakawa Funds for Education in Agricultural Extension (SAFE) of the Nippon Foundation under Sasakawa Global 2000.

<!--[if !supportLists]-->·      <!--[endif]-->The provision of field extension agents with tools -- work schedule, map of the intervention area, daily journal book, visit book, training copybook, monograph, selected seeds demonstration and dissemination books, etc.

<!--[if !supportLists]-->·      <!--[endif]-->A dramatic lack of extension agents at the base, especially after the implementation of the voluntary retirement program.

<!--[if !supportLists]-->·      <!--[endif]-->The financing of agricultural extension from state resources only without any specified contribution from the beneficiaries.

<!--[if !supportLists]-->·      <!--[endif]-->The low level of beneficiaries’ accountability (producers, farmers’ organizations) in the management and governance of the research and extension services.

<!--[if !supportLists]-->·      <!--[endif]-->The organization of research findings’ users in the national and regional commissions.