Transboundary Basin Management in the Context of Climate Change
Role of River Basin Organizations. River basin organizations are formed based on the understanding that water resources affect everyone, regardless of village, district, or national political boundaries. RBOs may represent diverse institutions, including government, agriculture, industry, and civil society groups, acting for their mutual benefit. This typically includes establishing a framework for water allocation through plans, policies, national legislation, and other enforceable agreements. RBOs also coordinate and communicate with the stakeholders in a given watershed. The RBO may have a distinct goal, such as energy generation or environmental protection, but these competing needs must be balanced to ensure the sustainable and equitable use of water resources. RBOs work towards these outcomes by mediating disputes through a multi-stakeholder process, investing in water storage and data collection infrastructure, and educating stakeholders.
This factsheet was developed as part of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) Climate-Smart Agriculture Workshop. The workshop focused on approaches for effective program design of climate-smart agriculture in support of both country and regional CAADP investment plans. Climate-smart agriculture incorporates practices that increase productivity, efficiency, resilience, adaptive capacity, and mitigation potential of production systems.