Women's Empowerment in Beyond-Production Activities: Landscape Analysis Findings
One of the Feed the Future Advancing Women's Empowerment (AWE) Program's key learning topics is identifying and assessing the impact of good practices for women’s empowerment in beyond-production activities. To better comprehend the gender gap, the AWE team conducted a landscape analysis on the nature, scope and scale of women’s empowerment in beyond-production interventions, and also how outcomes are monitored, analyzed, and reported. The analysis explored three questions:
Are Feed the Future efforts in beyond-production activities affecting women’s empowerment?
How are Feed the Future efforts in beyond-production activities affecting women’s empowerment?
What are some opportunities and practices to increase women’s participation in and returns from higher-value activities in agribusiness or employment?
The analysis presents key findings and recommendations on building the evidence base on which beyond-production interventions are most effective at promoting women's empowerment, closing gender gaps, or promoting female participation, and benefit in beyond-production activities. The key discoveries were:
FINDING 1: Some of the reviewed projects had broad scopes, while others worked exclusively in beyond-production nodes.
FINDING 2: A majority of reviewed projects developed gender mainstreaming strategies to guide beyond-production activities.
FINDING 3: Projects implemented a wide range of beyond-production activities to support and engage women.
FINDING 4: Projects often adapted beyond-production activities by seeking ways to increase women's participation.
FINDING 5: Projects adapted approaches to enable women to access credit to invest in beyond-production livelihood opportunities.
FINDING 6: Beyond-production approaches that targeted youth were able to achieve gender balance in integrated interventions.
FINDING 7: Beyond-production indicators rarely captured gender-differentiated impact data or information about women’s empowerment.
FINDING 8: Few projects used targeted indicators to measure progress or impacts of gender-specific or women’s empowerment-focused beyond-production work.
FINDING 9: The Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI) was designed to focus on agricultural production, and therefore, was not an effective tool for measuring women’s empowerment in beyond-production activities.