Produced by Farming First
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Taking a holistic approach brings together the understanding of economic, environmental and social impacts within value chains from production to processing and trade. No one individual, community, or government can do everything; but central to a holistic systems perspective is that everyone needs to be work cooperatively to address the growing demands.
Gender and nutrition are key factors for effectiveness of climate smart agriculture approaches. To achieve significant decrease in malnutrition it takes more than increasing food production or family income. Access to health care, WASH, communication and social networks for women and men are part of a holistic approach.
Conservation agriculture is an accepted resilient agriculture strategy. Effective at the small scale, in plot size of less than 50 hectares, smallholder farmers can increase productivity and help build resilience to climate shocks. Conservations agriculture can lead to increased productivity, build resilience and protect the soil.
Landscape approach includes an awareness of poverty alleviation, agriculture production and food security along with managing natural resource to ensure resilience of ecosystems. Climate variation have an impact, both positively and negatively and every systems has to adapt. Changes made in one sector influences another sector.
For generations tribes have been pastoralist, moving their herds across large regions of land as the temperatures change finding food and water. As droughts have become more frequent and land tenure brings restricted access, pastoralist are faced with difficult decisions as they seek to care for their families.
Smallholder farmers are often the most vulnerable to climate variations as they often lack the resources to manage climate events. Resilience programs look to reduce risk and increase asset accumulation to better withstand shocks and stresses.