Feed the Future
This project is part of the U.S. Government's global hunger and food security initiative.

Session 5: Defining Beneficiaries, Baselines, and Targets

Feed the Future Performance Monitoring Course: Defining Beneficiaries, Baselines, and Targets


This session addresses three key components and their definition. First, building understanding of who is considered a direct and indirect beneficiaries of a Feed the Future activity. This distinction is critically important, because all activity level indicators measure direct beneficiaries and it is important to be sure each activity that reports on these indicators is measuring the same thing. Second, is looking at baseline collection; the first set of data required to be collected for all indicators. It is important to remember that we document what the status of the indicator was before the program started, to make sure you do not claim as a result something that already existed before you started. Third, you will explore targets. A target is defined as "the specific, planned level of result to be achieved by an indicator within an explicit timeframe with a given level of resources." Targets are essential components of adaptive management.

Session Objectives:

Define and identify beneficiaries, baselines and targets:

  • Identify direct and indirect beneficiaries
  • Recognize whether a baseline is required
  • Identify the beneficiary universe for collecting baseline data
  • Understand methods to collect baseline values and the strengths and limitations of each
  • Learn approaches to setting targets

Session Developers: Anne Swandale, Ph.D., Salik Farooqi, J.D., Ph.D., Madeleine Gauthier